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Point Prim Lighthouse

2147 Point Prim Road, Point Prim, Prince Edward Island, C0A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2012/10/03

Point Prim Lighthouse; B. MacRae, 2001
Point Prim Lighthouse
Point Prim Lighthouse; Province of PEI, PEI Government website
Point Prim Lighthouse
Point Prim Lighthouse with light keepers cottage; PARO/PEI Acc 2320/26-8 Camera Club Collection
Point Prim Lighthouse with light keepers cottage

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1845/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2013/11/06

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Located on a point of land jutting into Hillsborough Bay and the Northumberland Strait, the Point Prim lighthouse stands as the oldest lighthouse in Prince Edward Island. The shingled round structure is painted white and capped by a red lantern.

Heritage Value

The Point Prim Lighthouse is valued as the oldest lighthouse in the province; for its association with local architect, Isaac Smith (1793-1853); its construction materials and method, and for its contribution to community of Point Prim.

As a major hazard on the sailing route to the entrance of Charlottetown Harbour, there had long been discussion of erecting a lighthouse on Point Prim. Finally, in 1845, it became a reality. The land for the tower was donated by the sixth Lord Selkirk, whose father was perhaps the most benevolent of the Island's proprietorial landowners. Isaac Smith, who had designed the Lieutenant Governor's residence in 1834 and would go on to design Province House in 1847, supplied the plan for the lighthouse.

Originally, he submitted a proposal for a wooden tower, but the Legislative Assembly believed a brick structure would better stand up to the elements. Smith revised his plans. Tenders were called on May 2, 1845 with Richard Walsh winning the contract. By December 4, 1845, the work was completed and the beacon was shining out over the Strait. However, within two years, it became necessary to enclose the brick tower with wooden shingles. The brickwork can still be seen on the interior today. Point Prim Lighthouse became automated on March 10, 1969.

As a reminder of the once crucial maritime trade in the province and as a testimony to the skill of Isaac Smith, the Point Prim Lighthouse stands impressively today. It has become a scenic destination for locals and visitors alike.

Source: Heritage Division, PEI Dept of Tourism & Culture, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7N8
File #: 4320-20/P5

See also: Marianne Morrow, "The Builder: Isaac Smith and Early Island Architecture," in the Island Magazine, Number 18, Fall/Winter 1985

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements illustrate the heritage value of the Point Prim Lighthouse:

- The four storey height of the round lighthouse which has a wide base which narrows at the top
- The iron lantern enclosed in glass and painted red with a railed observation deck
- The brick construction of the lighthouse sheathed in wooden shingles and painted white
- The supporting brackets under the lantern
- The multi-paned windows in the tower

Other character-defining elements include:

- The location of the lighthouse at Point Prim with its dramatic sea vistas and red clay shoreline both combining to enhance the maritime heritage of the lighthouse

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Prince Edward Island

Recognition Authority

Province of Prince Edward Island

Recognition Statute

Heritage Places Protection Act

Recognition Type

Designated Historic Place

Recognition Date

2012/10/03

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Museum

Historic

Transport-Water
Navigational Aid or Lighthouse

Architect / Designer

Isaac Smith

Builder

Richard Walsh

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Source: Heritage Division, PEI Dept of Tourism & Culture, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7N8 File #: 4320-20/P5

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

4320-20/P5

Status

Published

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