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East Mill

34 Beckwith Street South, Smiths Falls, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1988/12/08

View of the East Mill, showing the regular placement of the doors and evenly spaced windows, 1972.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1972.
Side view
View of the East Mill, showing the exterior walls of uncoursed limestone blocks, 1972.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1972.
East elevation
View of the East Mill, showing the four-storey massing and the two-storey adjoining addition, 1972.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1972.
Side view

Other Name(s)

East Mill
Wood's Mill Complex, East Mill

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1890/01/01 to 1892/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/10/22

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The East Mill is part of the Wood’s Mill Complex located at Smiths Falls. The complex itself sits on the northern extremity of Ward’s Island adjacent to the waste weir channel of the Rideau Waterway at Smiths Falls. The large, four-storey, stone building has a flat roof, unornamented exterior walls and rows of regular windows. A smaller, two-storey office wing abuts the south façade. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The East Mill is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The East Mill, as part of a late-nineteenth-century industrial complex, is closely associated with the development of the grain milling industry in eastern Ontario. The East Mill and Wood’s Mill Complex illustrate the evolution and adaptation of grain milling from a local service industry, to one based on the processing of imported western grain and the export of the product. The industrial development of the Smiths Falls area is notable where the shift from reliance on the canal to a reliance on the railway was evident. The East Mill is associated with A.R. Ward, one of the first permanent settlers of the area and founder of the milling complex, and A. Wood, an important local entrepreneur who operated several industrial firms in the area.

Architectural Value
Valued for its good aesthetics, the East Mill exhibits a distinctly industrial character as defined by its evenly spaced fenestration pattern and its functional, flexible interior spaces. The unornamented appearance reflects the utilitarian purpose of the building. Very good craftsmanship and materials can be seen in the stone walls and in the heavy timber frame substructure.

Environmental Value
The East Mill reinforces the commercial character of its industrial complex and streetscape setting at Smiths Falls, and is a familiar landmark in the region.

Sources: James De Jonge, Wood’s Mill Complex, 34 Beckwith Street South, Smiths Falls, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report 88-044; Wood’s Mill Complex, 34 Beckwith Street South, Smiths Falls, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 88-044.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the East Mill should be respected.

Its good aesthetic and good quality craftsmanship and materials, for example:
- the four-storey massing, the two-storey adjoining addition;
- the exterior walls of uncoursed limestone blocks;
- the heavy timber frame substructure;
- the regular placement of the doors and evenly spaced windows;
- the interior configuration.

The manner in which the East Mill reinforces the commercial character of its industrial complex and streetscape setting, and is a familiar landmark in the region, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, design and materials, which contribute to its commercial streetscape surroundings and complement the industrial complex;
- its visibility due to its location within the streetscape at the edge of the commercial core and adjacent to a bridge and water channel.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1988/12/08

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Industry
Food and Beverage Manufacturing Facility

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

3264

Status

Published

Related Places

Side view

West Mill

The West Mill is part of the Wood’s Mill complex located at Smiths Falls. The complex itself sits at the northern end of Ward’s Island adjacent to the waste weir channel of the…

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