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War of 1812 Timeline: January 1814 - March 1814

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January 1814 - March 1814

1814

Arrival of British reinforcements at Quebec City, Lower Canada: 76th Regiment, 26th Regiment, 27th Regiment.

 

Early in 1814 the British construct defences on Bridge Island, Upper Canada as a shelter for the supply bateaux travelling on the St. Lawrence River.

January 1814 

 

Construction begins on cavalry barracks at Blairfindie, located between Laprairie and St-Jean, Lower Canada.

Concerned with reinforcing waterway invasion routes, the British also had to secure the network of roads along the exposed region in Lower Canada between the St. Lawrence and Richelieu Rivers bordering on New York State.  This crucial area could be used to support a larger naval assault along these waterways.  Since most roads led to Montreal, the colony's commercial hub, the British concentrated much of their strength there, especially along the road from St. Jean, on the Richelieu River, to La Prairie, opposite Montreal.  Between these posts, Halfway House, or Blairfindie Barracks, was established to accommodate 90 soldiers and 100 horses.  These cavalry barracks were strategically located at the intersection of roads linking main villages as well as leading to the border.

 

Gunboats are constructed at Coteau-du-Lac , Lower Canada.

 

American delegates travel to Europe to begin peace negotiations.

January-March 1814

The Creek War continues in the Mississippi Territory. In engagements at Emuckfau Creek, Enotochopco Creek, Calabee Creek and Tohopeka (Horseshoe Bend) the United States breaks the military power of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

10 January 1814   

An American patrol is captured by Lower Canada militia at Clough's Farm near Missisiquoi Bay, Lower Canada.

16-24 January 1814

British raids on Franklin County, New York.

29 January 1814

The citizens of Saint John, New Brunswick respond overwhelmingly to a request for sleds and sleighs to convey a group of Royal Navy seamen to Fredericton en route to the Canadas.

 

A British General Order is issued announcing that the fortification at Prescott, Upper Canada will be called Fort Wellington.

2-3 February 1814

Two divisions (217 men) of seamen depart Fredericton, New Brunswick for the Canadas.

In December 1813, anxious to obtain crews for two ships under construction in Kingston, Upper Canada Commodore Sir James Lucas Yeo looked eastward for reinforcements. In January 1814, 217 men from HMS Fantome and HMS Arab sailed from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Saint John, New Brunswick en route to the Canadas by land. The citizens of Saint John responded overwhelmingly to a request for sleighs to convey the men to Fredericton, for which they departed on 29 and 30 January. They then left Fredericton on 2 and 3 February, reaching Quebec, Lower Canada on 1 March. Hard on their heels came six companies (440 men) of the 2nd Battalion, 8th Regiment, who were reported to have arrived in Quebec by 10 March.

6 February 1814

A small group of Royal Marines and Upper Canadian Militia from Cornwall, Upper Canada raid Madrid, New York.

14 February 1814

USS Constitution captures schooner HMS Pictou, in the western Atlantic Ocean.

14-15 February 1814

British raids along the Salmon River, New York.

17 February 1814

Militia General Orders issued by Adjutant-General J. F. Holland complete a reorganization of Prince Edward Island's volunteer and regular militia units.

19 & 24 February 1814

British raids along the Salmon River, and at Malone and Four Corners, all in New York.

March 1814  

Arrival of British reinforcements at Quebec City, Lower Canada via the route from New Brunswick: 2nd Battalion of the 8th Regiment, crew members of HMS Fantome and Arab.

 

The provincial militia unit Loyal Essex Volunteers is formed in Upper Canada.

4 March 1814

Battle of Longwoods, Upper Canada.

After the American victory at the Battle of the Thames in October 1813, large stretches of southwest Upper Canada became a no man's land. Both armies sent detachments to forage for provisions, which sometimes resulted in clashes.  Upon receiving news that a group of 200 Americans were on their way to strike at Delaware, Upper Canada the British sent a detachment of 240 troops commanded by Captain James Basden to meet the invaders.  Commanded by Captain Andrew Holmes, the U.S. force built a makeshift breastwork atop what came to be known as " Battle Hill."  With the Americans well entrenched on the rise, the British suffered many casualties during the hour and a half-long battle and finally retreated while Holmes' force returned victorious to Detroit.

12 March 1814

The 5th Battalion of the Lower Canada Select Embodied Militia is transformed into a light infantry unit known as Chasseurs canadiens.

22 March 1814

American raids on Missisiquoi Bay, Lower Canada.

28 March 1814

HMS Phoebe and HMS Cherub defeat USS Essex, and Essex Junior, off of Valparaiso, Chile. Essex had been a very successful commerce raider attacking British merchant vessels and whaling ships in the southern Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

30 March 1814

Second Battle of Lacolle, Lower Canada.

After the failed 1813 Montreal campaign, Major General James Wilkinson made a last-ditch effort to invade Lower Canada and restore his reputation.  Leading a force of 4,000 regulars, he left Champlain, New York, crossed the border and occupied Odelltown before marching to Lacolle , a fortified British outpost.  There Wilkinson attacked a 180 soldier garrison commanded by Major Richard Hancock, which occupied a stone mill guarding the crossing of the Lacolle River.  American artillery had little effect on the mill and soon after fighting commenced the British began receiving reinforcements from the Canadian Fencibles, Voltigeurs canadiens and the 30th Regiment from Ile aux Noix Failing to easily secure Lacolle and hindered by poor weather, Wilkinson withdrew to Lake Champlain and was later relieved of command. 

31 March 1814

Allied armies of Prussia, Austria and Russia enter Paris, France, defeating Napoleon and restoring Bourbon monarch Louis XVIII.

Spring 1814          

The fortifications at Lacolle, Lower Canada are repaired and strengthened surrounding the windmill and blockh ouse.

 

The British commence construction of Fort Drummond at Queenston Heights, Upper Canada.

In the late spring of 1814, Fort Drummond was constructed at Queenston Heights.  Named after Lieutenant-Governor Sir Gordon Drummond, the fort consisted of earthworks surrounding a blockhouse for 100 men, and a u-shaped advanced battery facing the Niagara River.  Fort Drummond supported the Redan battery that overlooked the village of Queenston and the strategically important Portage Road. After the American victory at the Battle of Chippawa, Major-General Phineas Riall retreated to Twelve Mile Creek, Upper Canada.  He held the forts at the mouth of the Niagara River, but abandoned Fort Drummond on 10 July.  An American army led by Major General Jacob Brown occupied the position for two weeks, before the bloody battle of Lundy's Lane. 

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War of 1812 Timeline


Section 1: 1775 - November 1811
Section 2: January 1812 - June 1812
Section 3: July 1812 - September 1812
Section 4: October 1812 - December 1812
Section 5: January 1813 - March 1813
Section 6: April 1813 - June 1813
Section 7: July 1813 - September 1813
Section 8: October 1813 - December 1813
Section 9: January 1814 - March 1814
Section 10: April 1814 - June 1814
Section 11: July 1814 - December 1814
Section 12: January 1815 - 1871

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